Next up: STAR ANISE!
Star anise is a lovely, fragrant, exotic little spice that is definitely named appropriately, with its star shape and licorice flavour that is similar to, but stronger and slightly more bitter than regular anise seed.
Star anise is the seed pod of a small evergreen tree (Illicium Verum), grown in southwestern China and Japan. It is dark, rusty brown in colour, and stands about one inch high with seven to eight segments.
Like regular anise, star anise gets its distinctive licorice taste from a chemical compound called anethol; however the two are not related botanically, as star anise is a member of the Magnolia family.
Star anise is utilized for both culinary and medicinal purposes. In culinary applications, you can find it in exotic spice blends such as masala chai tea and Chinese Five Spice, and in dishes like Vietnamese Pho and numerous Indian curries and stews.
In traditional Chinese medicine, star anise is often prescribed to cure colicky babies and is often used as a digestive aid for adults as well. More recently, the compounds found in star anise have been extracted to form the base of the antiviral Tamiflu drug which fights avian influenza. Go Team Spice!
Star anise is usually available in Asian supermarkets, or in bulk food stores which sell spices (such as Bulk Barn here in Ontario). Look for whole, unbroken pods; stored properly in a sealed container in a cool, dry place, this spice should last for several months. Discard the pods once their aroma fades.
According to Food.com, star anise pairs well with: duck, eggs, fish, leeks, pastry, pears, pork, poultry, pumpkin, and shrimp. While I’ve not personally used this spice in non-baking recipes, I do know that a popular and delicious fancy-company-dessert recipe involves poaching pears in liquid that contains star anise pods. Yum.
But, since I like to bake more than I like to poach, and it’s my blog (heheh), here is a great recipe from Epicurious Magazine (June 1999) for a fragrant, rich spice cake that will definitely showcase the flavourful complexities of star anise!
Star Anise and Coriander Spice Cake
Original recipe source: Epicurious Magazine June 1999
- 1 1/4 cups all-purpose flour
- 1 teaspoon baking powder
- 3/4 teaspoon salt
- 3 tablespoons coriander seeds
- 5 points of star anise
- 1/2 cup unsalted butter, softened
- 1 cup sugar
- 1/2 cup uncooked farina such as Cream of Wheat*
- 1 large egg
- 2 large yolks
- 2/3 cup whole milk
- Preheat oven to 350°F. and butter and flour an 8- by 2-inch round cake pan.
- Into a bowl sift together flour, baking powder, and salt.
- In an electric coffee/ spice grinder finely grind coriander seeds and star anise.
- In a large bowl with an electric mixer beat together butter and sugar until light and fluffy. Add flour mixture, ground spices, and remaining ingredients and beat on low speed until combined. Increase speed to high and beat batter 3 minutes.
- Pour batter into pan and bake in middle of oven until cake pulls away slightly from side of pan, about 50 minutes.
- Cool cake in pan on a rack 10 minutes. Invert cake onto rack and remove pan. Invert another rack onto cake and turn cake right side up. Cool cake completely.
- Serve with vanilla ice cream and fresh strawberries macerated in Cointreau and a spoon of brown sugar.
*Farina is a very finely ground wheat that only utilizes the endosperm and the germ of the wheat kernel. It may be possible to substitute the farina with an equal quantity of almond meal, as there is plenty of wheat flour in the recipe already; however I have not personally tried this substitution so I’m unsure as to whether it will promote a successful product…therefore CAVEAT EMPTOR.